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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 26-30

Hydration therapy to improve amniotic fluid index and its association with improved obstetric outcome in a teaching hospital of Eastern India

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Calcutta National Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, RG Kar Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Medical College Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mousumi Datta
VYOM, 2/4/3/B, 49A Monmohan Banerjee Road, Behala Buroshibtolla, Kolkata - 700 038, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/amit.amit_28_22

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Introduction: Oligohydramnios is associated with fetal complications and a higher incidence of maternal operative morbidity. A study was planned to determine the effect of hydration therapy in the correction of oligohydramnios in pregnancy and to assess if improvement in amniotic fluid index (AFI) is associated with better obstetric outcomes. Materials and Methods: Analytical study with a prospective design, conducted over 1 year from July 2020 to December 2021. Pregnant women in their third trimester with singleton pregnancy and intact membranes, diagnosed to have oligohydramnios were the participants. All women undertook oral rehydration therapy. The proportion of women achieving posthydration cutoff values of AFI and single deepest vertical pocket, was recorded by abdominal ultrasound examination at 24, 48, and 72 h. Adequacy of hydration was assessed by urinary specific gravity, before and after hydration therapy. Results: There were 120 participants. The mean age of the participants was 25.6 years (standard deviation = 5.7). Majority were multigravida. About 60%–80% of women improved with hydration therapy and the proportion of women showing improvement increased with time. Women with uncorrected AFI (<5 cm) at 24 and 48 h had significantly higher odds of preterm delivery, cesarean delivery, low-birth-weight baby, baby having 5 min Apgar score < 6, higher likelihood of Sick Newborn Care Unit admission and neonatal death. Conclusion: Maternal hydration therapy can be of value to improve the fetomaternal outcome in pregnancies with oligohydramnios by preventing preterm termination and reducing cesarean deliveries with good neonatal outcomes. Such simple intervention can be home based and assures universal health coverage.

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