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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 92-94

The effectiveness of continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration in phenobarbital intoxication

Çukurova University, Faculty of Medicine, Balcalı Hospital, Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, Adana, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Yasemin Coban
Balcali Hospital, Çukurova University, Saricam, Adana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ami.ami_20_18

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Phenobarbital continues to be widely used in childhood epilepsy. Incorrect drug prescription can sometimes lead to intoxication, particularly in young children. A 40-month-old female infant presented to our emergency department due to failure to awaken. The patient was assessed in terms of etiology of coma, and her history revealed that she had been given a 100 mg phenobarbital pill instead of 15 mg. Her blood phenobarbital level was high (>80 mg/dl). At physical examination, her Glasgow coma score was 6, the pupils were isochoric, pupillary light reflex was bilateral positive, deep tendon reflexes were absent, respiration was superficial, and pulmonary bilateral diffuse secretory rales were present, and the patient was intubated. Continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) was performed due to prolonged coma, intubation, and potentially fatal phenobarbital level. Blood phenobarbital levels at 4 and 12 h improved to >80 and 33.4 mg/dl, and the patient was extubated at 14 h. CVVHDF was effective in intoxication despite long-acting barbiturate phenobarbital not binding to protein. We think that this is a useful method capable of use in phenobarbital intoxications.

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