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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 67-73

Morphological and functional aspects of hand in relation to age, gender and sports playing condition


1 Research Assistant, Department of Physical Education, Gazi University, School of Physical Education and Sports, Ankara, Turkey
2 Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Health, Hacettepe University, Institute of Public Health, Ankara, Turkey
3 Professor, Department of Anatomy, Bulent Ecevit University, School of Medicine, Zonguldak, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Cagatay Barut
Professor, Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Bulent Ecevit University, 67600, Kozlu, Zonguldak
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Aim: This cross-sectional study was performed to investigate the hand anthropometric measurements and grip strength of children in three age groups. Methods: 546 children participated in the study and grouped as little (9-11years), youth (12-14years), junior (15-18years). A digital compass with a resolution of 0.01 mm was used for hand anthropometric measurements and a digital hand dynamometer was used for grip strength measurement. Hand dimensions and hand grip strength of both hands were measured. Eight parameters were evaluated for each hand. Results: Hand width values measured from little females and little males and youth males were not statistically significant in sporting and non-sporting groups. There was a statistically significant difference for both hand length of little males and junior males between sporting and non-sporting groups. When shape index values of right and left hands were compared for both groups there was a statistically significant difference for little males and females whereas there was a statistically significant difference in youth females and junior females values compared for sports playing condition. When palmar length/width ratio values were evaluated there was a statistically significant difference between sporting and non-sporting groups in little males for both hands and in junior males for right hand. When grip strength values were evaluated there was a statistically significant difference between sporting and non-sporting groups in little males for both hands and in junior males for right hand. Conclusion: These findings stress the morphological and functional differences of hand according to age, gender and sports playing condition.


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