Morphological and Functional Aspects of Hand in Relation to Age, Gender and Sports Playing Condition

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Acta Medica International,2014,1,2,67-73.
Published:July 2014
Type:Original Article

Morphological and Functional Aspects of Hand in Relation to Age, Gender and Sports Playing Condition

Pinar Demirel1, Sibel Kiran2, Cagatay Barut3

1Research Assistant, Department of Physical Education, Gazi University, School of Physical Education and Sports, Ankara, Turkey,

2Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Health, Hacettepe University, Institute of Public Health, Ankara, Turkey,

3Professor, Department of Anatomy, Bulent Ecevit University, School of Medicine, Zonguldak, Turkey

Abstract:

Aim: This cross-sectional study was performed to investigate the hand anthropometric measurements and grip strength of children in three age groups. Methods: 546 children participated in the study and grouped as little (9-11years), youth (12-14years), junior (15-18years). A digital compass with a resolution of 0.01 mm was used for hand anthropometric measurements and a digital hand dynamometer was used for grip strength measurement. Hand dimensions and hand grip strength of both hands were measured. Eight parameters were evaluated for each hand. Results: Hand width values measured from little females and little males and youth males were not statistically significant in sporting and non-sporting groups. There was a statistically significant difference for both hand length of little males and junior males between sporting and non-sporting groups. When shape index values of right and left hands were compared for both groups there was a statistically significant difference for little males and females whereas there was a statistically significant difference in youth females and junior females values compared for sports playing condition. When palmar length/width ratio values were evaluated there was a statistically significant difference between sporting and non-sporting groups in little males for both hands and in junior males for right hand. When grip strength values were evaluated there was a statistically significant difference between sporting and non-sporting groups in little males for both hands and in junior males for right hand. Conclusion: These findings stress the morphological and functional differences of hand according to age, gender and sports playing condition.