Study of Socio-Demographic Factors among Injured Persons in a District of Western Uttar Pradesh – A Cross Sectional Study

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Acta Medica International,2014,1,1,15-21.
Published:January 2014
Type:Original Article

Study of Socio-Demographic Factors among Injured Persons in a District of Western Uttar Pradesh – A Cross Sectional Study

M Sharma1, A Srivastava2, SC Gupta3

1Associate Professor, 2Professor & Head, Department of Community Medicine, TMMC & RC Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India,

3Professor & Head, Department of Community Medicine, Saraswati Institute of Medical Sciences, Hapur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Abstract:

Background: Injuries are becoming major public health problem worldwide and since India is also passing through a major socio-demographic, epidemiological and technological transition; injuries are coming up as an emerging health problem. Objectives: To find out prevalence of “Injuries” and role of socio demographic factors related with injuries. Material & Methods: It is a type of observational study in rural & urban area of Agra district. The area to be surveyed was selected by multistage stratified random sampling technique. A recall period of three months for minor injuries & one year for major injuries or deaths due to injury was used. A total of 4 villages covering 2439 population and in urban area 2 mohalla  & 2 slums covering 2410 population were surveyed. Data collected was entered on Fox. Pro (vs. 2.6) and analyzed by SPSS (vs. 10). Results: A total of 93 persons in rural and 142 persons in urban had major while 147 peoples in rural and 200 peoples in urban had minor injuries during the recall period. It was found that as the age increases the number of minor injuries increased from 0-35 yrs while decreased after that and maximum major & minor injuries were found in 16-35 yr age group. Regarding socio-economic class maximum injuries both major & minor were found in class IV (lower middle). Conclusions: Considering the high morbidities due to injuries focusing health education eff orts based on local epidemiology and behavioral practices is needed.