Meckel’s Diverticulum (Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors)-Two Rare Case Reports

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Acta Medica International,2016,3,2,188-194.
Published:September 2016
Type:Case Report

Meckel’s Diverticulum (Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors)-Two Rare Case Reports

Hemanth Vudayaraju1, Milap Shah2, Sowmya Korukonda1

1Department of Surgical Oncology, 2Department of Pathology, Yashoda Superspeciality Hospital, Hyderabad. 

Abstract:

Introduction: Meckel’s Diverticulum is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract (incidence: 0.6%-4%). Gastro Intestinal Stromal Tumors originate from multipotential stromal cells of Cajal (pacemaker cell of gastrointestinal tract). The GISTs of Meckel’s diverticulum are extremely rare,especially if you consider that only 2% of the population has this kind of diverticula confirmed by autopsy studies, with a percentage that varies between 0.4 and 4.5%.

Case Reports: We report two cases, a 53 year old post menopausal lady and a 45 year old peri menopausal lady, both clinico radiologically diagnosed as ovarian masses, found to have a tumor arising from Meckel’s Diverticulum intraoperatively, that were histopathologically proven to be Gastro Intestinal Stromal Tumors. A thorough literature review was done and all the previously quoted case reports are listed. Our literature search revealed a total of 42 case reports of GIST of Meckel’s Diverticulum including ours. Perforation is the most common presentation of a Meckel’s GIST (13 case reports).Meckel’s GIST presenting as a pelvic mass mimicking an ovarian pathology has been reported in the literature (6 case reports).

Conclusion: Meckel’s diverticular tumours, though rare, may mimic other pathologies of the abdomen, therefore should be taken into consideration during the differential diagnosis of abdominal and pelvic tumours, especially in cases where imaging modalities doesn’t pinpoint adefinitive diagnosis.

Hemanth Vudayaraju