Cerebral Hydatid Cyst: A Case Report
Objective: Cerebral Hydatid disease (CHD) is very rare manifestation of echinococcosis, representing only 2% of all celebral space occupying lesion even in the countries where the disease in is endemic. The aim of this paper is to describe the characteristic features of cerebral hydatid disease in computed tomography, magnetic resonance Imaging (MRI) and to report a multiloculated cyst (more than 100 loculi) along with its management.
Case Presentation: In this paper we have reported a young boy of 20yrs with primary CHD without associated extracranial lesions with focal neurological deficits and intracranial hypertension. The extracranial investigations were found to be negative. CT and MRI of the patient suggested it to be a multiloculated Hydatid cyst. The patient was managed surgically and more than 100 daughter cysts were recovered, antihelminthic medications were given to the patient was discharged successfully.
Conclusion: Multilocular Hydatid cyst is a rare SOL of Brain. When present the patient remains asymptomatic for long followed mostly by symptoms of headache and vomiting. Patients may also present with focal deficit or seizures‑Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment with careful evacuation of the cysts alongwith the medications for the causative agent (Echinococcus granulosus or multilocularies). Prevention of the disease should be given utmost emphasis.