The Association of Relative Risk of High Risk HPV with Cervical Abnormalities in Bahrain
Background: The study was conducted to see the association of cervical abnormalities in relation to high risk Human Papilloma Virus (HR-HPV) infection at King Hamad University Hospital, Bahrain.
Materials and Methods: It was a retrospective cohort study completed in 3 years at King Hamad University Hospital, Department Pathology Lab and other private Hospitals of Bahrain. Patients of Obstetrics and Gynecology out patient’s clinic and other requesting private hospitals were included in this study.A non-probability purposive sampling technique was used for this retrospective review of 160pathology reports and HPV cervista reports. Data was collected from I-Seha and patients Al-care, and was transferred and assessed SPSS-version 22.
Results: There were 160 cases in total, who were examined for HPV–HR DNA using Cervista molecular testing. There were 73 cases were Positive for HPV and 87 cases negative for HPV. The minimum age of patiesnt's was 20 years while the max was 70 years. The mean age was 42.5 years. HR-HPV was detected in (100%) all cervical HSIL cases and in 71% of LSIL cases. Cervical intraepithelial lesion CIN2/3+ was significantly associated with HR-HPV positive cases. Compared to HPV positive cases, here was no cervical intraepithelial lesion (CIN) of any grade found in HR_HPV negative cases. There were only four cases with LSIL found to be R-HPV positive, which may be associated with Low-risk HPV infection.
Conclusion: There was strongest association of cervical neoplastic lesions with high risk HPV to control.