Marital Adjustment in Patients of Depression Under Going Treatment at an Outpatient Clinic of Tertiary Care Hospital

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Acta Medica International,2015,2,1,117-121.
Published:January 2015
Type:Original Article

Marital Adjustment in Patients of Depression Under Going Treatment at an Outpatient Clinic of Tertiary Care Hospital

Afshan Channa1, Aamir Abbas2
1Department of Psychiatry, Clinical Research Associate, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, Karachi, P.O. Box: 3500,

2Department of Community Health Science, Senior Instructor, Aga Khan University Stadium Road, Karachi, P.O. Box: 3500

Abstract:

Background: Depression is projected to become the 2nd worldwide leading cause of disability by 2020. Marriage is one of the principal facets when it comes to interpersonal context of Depression. There is evidence supporting bidirectional casual effect between Depression and marital satisfaction. However the phenomenon of marital adjustment and its related variable has not been given much attention in the Pakistan.
Aim of the study: The primary objective is to determine the frequency of marital adjustment by using validated Urdu version of Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale in patients with Depression, who are under treatment at Psychiatry outpatient clinics at tertiary care hospital in Karachi. Method: Patient presenting in outpatient clinic and diagnosed with Depression for at least last 6 months according to ICD-10 criteria by Consultant psychiatrist, who were aged between 15-65 were included. Patients who had documented co morbid of substance use or any unstable serious general medical condition were excluded. The severity of Depression was evaluated by using Urdu validated Hamilton Depression Rating Scale. Marital adjustment is determined by using Urdu validated version of Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale. Result: Only 8.6% were well adjusted in their marital life, and all were females; most of them were living in nuclear setting, unemployed,
severely depressed, educated above intermediate, aged above 30 years, and had duration of illness more than 12 months. The association of marital adjustment and severity of Depression is insignificant. It further revealed to have insubstantial diff erence on KANSAS scale between both genders. The odd ratio of duration of illness was 7.6, which indicated that the longer the duration of illness, the more positively it is interrelated to the marital adjustment. Being employedand above 30 years of age wereinversely related to marital
satisfaction with odd ratio of 6.1 and 5.4 respectively. However, the correlation between other independent variables and marital adjustment were insignificant in both genders. Conclusion: Th is study confirms the presence of high frequency i.e. 91.4% of marital dissatisfaction in Depression in both male and
females, irrespective of their severity of Depression. No substantial diff erence was established between both the genders based on KANSAS score. Longer duration of illness, unemployment, and above 30 age have protective effect on quality of marital life.

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