Pattern of Obstetrical Emergencies and Fetal Outcomes in a Tertiary Care Center
Introduction: There is increasing awareness and facilities provided by various government and non government organizations regarding antenatal care and safe delivery practices but it is still a public health concern due to high maternal and perinatal mortality. The aims of present study is to assess the availability of manpower which provided services to the mothers in the peripheries, role of demographic characteristics, educational status, common pregnancy complications and there maternal and fetal outcome along with
the hospital stay. Material and Methods: It was a retrospective study carried out in the Teerthanker Mahaveer Medical College. All the patients who were admitted through casualty were analysed with respect to Age, parity, Socioeconomic status, antenatal check-up, reason for referral from periphery, maternal and fetal condition at the time of admission, mode of delivery, maternal and fetal outcome along with NICU admission & hospital stay. Result: It has been observed that most of the patients with poor obstetrical outcome are multiparous or grand multiparous with low socio economic status not receiving any antenatal care. The common obstetrical
emergencies came out were PIH (18%),obstructed labor (10.3%) followed by APH (8.2%), fetal mal presentation (7.5%) and anemia (7.2%). Conclusion: Illiteracy and ignorance of female regarding healthcare requirements came out to be a major contributor of poor pregnancy outcome. Early diagnosis and management of high risk pregnancies is one of the measures which can reduce poor pregnancy outcomes. It is to be emphasized that majority of the maternal death from pregnancy are preventable by sample priority intervention. Co-ordination between healthcare providers at gross root level to tertiary care centre is the need of time. Health care
providers at PHC and CHC levels should have adequate knowledge of antenatal requirements and importance of immunization. There must be referral of high risk cases for their early and timely management. There must be adequate transport facility and systematic referral system as well as provision of immediate management of referred cases at tertiary care centre. So it is high time for urgent strategic planning and investment for upgrading eff ective obstetric and neonatal care.